The Civil Contingencies Act established a new legislative framework for civil protection in the United Kingdom. It imposes duties on those organisations with a role to play in preparing for and responding to emergencies. Local authorities are a Category 1 responder under the Act, and have a key part to play in respect in discharging their duties under the legislation.
The Act is separated into two parts: local arrangements for civil protection (Part 1) and emergency powers (Part 2).
Part 1 of the Act, the Civil Contingencies Act 2004 (Contingency Planning) Regulations 2005 (as amended in 2012) and statutory guidance Emergency Preparedness, establish a clear set of roles and responsibilities for those involved in emergency preparation and response at the local level. Local responders are divided into two categories, with a different set of duties applying to each.
Category 1 responders are those organisations at the core of emergency response (e.g. emergency services, local authorities, NHS bodies). Category 1 responders are subject to the full set of civil protection duties. These include:
- assessing the risk of emergencies occurring and use this to inform contingency planning in the form of a Community Risk Register;
- Put in place emergency plans;
- Create business continuity plans to ensure that they can continue to exercise critical functions in the event of an emergency;
- Make information available to the public about civil protection matters, and maintain arrangements to warn, inform and advise the public in the event of an emergency;
- Share information with other local responders to enhance co-ordination;
- Co-operate with other local responders to enhance coordination and efficiency;
- Provide advice and assistance to businesses and voluntary organisations about business continuity management (Local Authorities only).
Further information on the Civil Contingencies Act 2004
London has an additional body - London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority (LFEPA) and a new London Safety Plan was adopted on 30th March.
See also London Prepared.
An internet search along the lines of Council Name + Resilience should reveal links to local arrangements.
For example, my search for Greater Manchester resilience provided a link to Greater Manchester Prepared
Review of Regulations:
The Contingency Planning Regulations 2005 have been recently reviewed - see Post implementation review report 11th April 2017